In March 2013, Canada Life subscribed to shares, on behalf of British pensioners, in Metatron Global Fund. A request for the redemption of shares was made in July 2013, which was then deferred by the Defendants for a period of six months, i.e., up to 31 January 2014 as per the offering memorandum. Subsequently the Defendants further deferred the payment of redemption proceeds and this triggered proceedings between the parties.

In an attempt to secure the redemption proceeds pending the determination of these proceedings, Canada Life made an application for an attachment order in the sum of USD 1,5 million (which Canada Life deemed to legitimately represent the redemption proceeds of 31 January 2014) to be attached in the account of the Defendants at SBM Bank (Mauritius) Ltd, the garnishee. In order to put an end to this dispute, the parties executed a settlement deed on 13 March 2020 (“Settlement Deed”).

On 27 March 2020, pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Deed, the Defendants made a payment of USD 750,000.00, which Canada Life considered to be in breach of the Settlement Deed as the expected amount payable as redemption proceeds under the offering memorandum and other constitutive documents was USD 1.5 million.

In order to safeguard the remaining redemption proceeds from being dissipated by the Defendants, Canada Life applied for, and was granted, another attachment order in the sum of USD 850,000, attached in the hands of SBM Bank (Mauritius) Ltd. Canada Life then issued proceedings for breach of the Settlement Deed.

The Defendants argued that the Settlement Deed essentially resolved the differences regarding the deferral of the redemption date such that the NAV was no longer an issue. They submitted that the redemption clause of the offering memorandum which provides that all redemptions of shares shall be redeemed at the NAV applicable on the day the shares are actually redeemed in March 2020 as per the Settlement Deed and not on the 31 January 2014.

Canada Life argued that the terms of the Settlement Deed were subject to the constitutive documents and ought to be read together and not taken out of context. Canada Life submitted that pursuant to the Settlement Deed, the Defendants agreed the redemption proceeds could only be paid following the first redemption request made in July 2013 and deferred for a period of up to six months until 31 January 2014.

The Court held:
“… paragraph 1 (of the Settlement Deed) cannot be read on its own but must be read together with the other paragraphs of the settlement deed. In reading the settlement deed in totum and in context, I agree with learned counsel for the plaintiff that on the basis of all the other documents and insofar that payment is made upon redemption request made and for that matter the request date was deferred and there is no dispute regarding the deferment of redemption of shares, the calculation for the NAV of the shares is 31 January 2014 and cannot be 31 March 2020. Furthermore, paragraph 4 of the settlement deed lends support to the submission of learned counsel for the plaintiff that his interpretation of the settlement deed is correct and is to be preferred.”

The Court accepted the submissions of Canada Life in relation to the law and the authorities governing the principles to be applied when interpreting the intention of the parties at the time the documents were constituted.

The Defendants were accordingly ordered to pay Canada Life the remaining amount on the NAV value as at 31 January 2014. A cost order in the amount of USD 100,000 was also issued against the Defendants, in the absence of any significant challenge to oppose the submissions made on costs by Canada Life.

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