Wealth, size and popularity of the game were all found to be correlated with success, but these elements made up less than half the story. Centralised schemes to promote the game were found to significantly improve performance, and were much easier to establish in smaller countries such as Uruguay and Iceland. To thrive at the World Cup a country also needed to be able to tap a pool of creative talent (both local and global) that was properly prepared for the tournament. For example, countries such as Senegal were praised for leveraging their global diaspora, recruiting players who might formerly have played for France.
It follows that one joy of the World Cup is that while size and wealth are significant factors, smaller countries can also be very successful. In similar fashion, the offshore world has long punched above its weight when it comes to acting as a conduit for international investment. So what makes a smaller jurisdiction like Guernsey so good at funds?
It goes almost without saying that the regulatory framework, distribution channels, fund infrastructure and taxation regime are all key considerations for promoters and LPs. Guernsey has £263 billion of funds under management and administration which speaks for itself. However, that is not the whole story.
In terms of a centralised agency, Guernsey Finance is a joint industry and government initiative that is constantly working to find ways to innovate and encourage new products tailored to fund promoters’ requirements.
One initiative that demonstrates Guernsey’s responsiveness is the Private Investment Fund (PIF), launched in November 2016. The PIF is the perfect solution to those investment projects where the manager and investors are known to each other and all know what they want to achieve, but where the participants would draw comfort from a relatively low-cost regulatory solution which requires oversight from a regulated third-party administrator and an independent annual audit.
Originally designed for start-up managers and club deals, the PIF has also gained a following with large private equity managers who appreciate the reduced requirements for marketing documentation (no information particulars are required) and the speed to market allowed by the fast-track Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC) registration process, which takes one business day.
The PIF is limited to no more than 50 investors, but the number of potential investors it can be marketed to is not restricted. Every PIF must appoint a Guernsey licensed manager who is responsible for making certain representations with respect to the ability of investors to suffer losses. If there is no existing manager, then the licence for the manager can be dealt with by the GFSC at the same time as the PIF’s registration.
To set up a PIF it will be necessary to engage with specialist fund services providers in Guernsey. In terms of a pool of creative talent, there is real expertise in the concentration of investment advisers, managers, administrators, legal advisers and tax and audit firms in Guernsey. Many Guernsey firms are international and able to draw on an international pool of talent if needed. For example, Appleby is a law firm based in Guernsey, but also has offices in the other Crown Dependencies, plus Bermuda, Cayman Islands, BVI, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Mauritius and Seychelles, thereby providing legal expertise around the clock.
With the development of the PIF, Guernsey Finance has adopted the right tactics and arguably hit the sweet spot for private investment funds. This desire to innovate has given rise to further initiatives such as the Guernsey Green Fund (GGF) designation, currently in consultation.
In building on Guernsey’s existing reputation as a key offshore fund domicile the PIF and the GGF will enhance the island’s offering on the world stage.